I read a book by John Brockman years ago with the irresistable title Einstein, Gertrude Stein, Wittgenstein and Frankenstein. Brockman wrote entertainingly about what were then cutting-edge discoveries in science across a broad spectrum, from microbiology to astrophysics.
Brockman has gone on to found Edge, a non-profit organization with the stated goal to "arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves." The following quote is from a conversation between British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins and geneticist Craig Venter. Dawkins described genetic information in a way I had never thought about:
"It’s more than just saying you can pick up a chromosome and put it in somewhere else. It is pure information. You could put it into a printed book. You could send it over the Internet. You could store it on a magnetic disk for a thousand years, and then in a thousand years’ time, with the technology that they’ll have then, it would be possible to reconstruct whatever living organism was here now. What has happened is that genetics has become a branch of information technology. It is pure information; it’s digital information; it’s precisely the kind of information that can be translated digit-for-digit, byte-for-byte into any other kind of information. "